Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC) is a multipurpose development area in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The area is located around Jalan Ampang, Jalan P. Ramlee, Jalan Binjai, Jalan Kia Peng and Jalan Pinang. There are a number of shopping complexes such as Suria KLCC and Avenue K. There are also hotels within walking distance such as G Tower, Mandarin Oriental, Grand Hyatt Kuala Lumpur and InterContinental Kuala Lumpur hotel.
Designed to be a city within a city, the 100-acre site hosts the tallest twin buildings in the world, shopping mall, office buildings and several hotels. A public park and a mosque is also built on the area and open to everyone. The whole project is cooled via district cooling located on the property.
||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
||1 January 1996
||1 January 1997
||31 August 1999; 18 years ago
1 January 1998
The site of the Kuala Lumpur City Centre was historically part of an affluent suburban residential area north of the old Kuala Lumpur town, linked to the town via Ampang Road and populated by bungalows and mansions dating as far back as the colonial early-20th century. The centrepiece of the area was the original site of the Selangor Turf Club, with many houses constructed around the site to capitalise on views of the racing course. As large scale development moved northwards from old Kuala Lumpur town after the 1950s, development of the area gradually shifted from low-density residential homes to high-density commercial complexes and offices, raising the appeal of developing the suburb into a new commercial centre for Kuala Lumpur. In 1988, the Selangor Turf Club site and adjoining residential parcels were sold to be cleared away for the KLCC project; the Turf Club was subsequently relocated to Serdang. In the subsequent years after the relocation of the Turf Club, more surrounding residential plots were acquired for further development of the KLCC.
Offices in the KLCC area are homes to largest companies in Malaysia in which the Petronas Twin Towers is the centre piece.
Petronas Twin Towers
Main article: Petronas Twin Towers
Built on 1 January 1992 until 31 December 1994, the Petronas Twin Towers was the tallest building in the world from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 2004. Currently, it still holds the record for the tallest twin buildings in the world. It is the headquarters of Petronas, a Fortune 100 state owned oil company and also the largest company in South East Asia.
The towers and the mall below were designed by Argentinian born architect César Pelli. Construction started in 1991 and completed 7 years after, in midst of Asian Financial Crisis and Reformasi movement. Due to the soil conditions on the tower, the buildings were built on one of the deepest foundations in the world. The Building Services Engineer was Flack + Kurtz who is currently part of the WSP | Parsons Brinkerhoff Company.
The 88-storey towers were built using mostly reinforced concrete, with steel-and-glass facade to resemble Islamic motifs, a religion followed by the majority of Malaysia. The cross section of the tower resembles Rub el Hizb, further solidifies the Islamic motif in the tower design.
Menara Exxon Mobil
Main article: Menara ExxonMobil
Menara Exxon Mobil was built on 1 January 1997 and it is the headquarters of the Malaysian subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, one of the largest listed company in the world.
The 126 m (413 ft), 30-storey tower is a rectangular shaped building, with a virtually column free interior. For aesthetics, the north and south elevations are set-back at level 5, while the north elevation facing the public park is further set-back at levels 22 and 26
Main article: Menara Carigali
Officially Menara 3 Petronas, this tower is a 60-story tower which is completed in 2012. The tower is connected with the shopping mall Suria KL
The tower is also designed by César Pelli with construction started in 2006 and finished in 2012. The tower has a separate entrance facing Mandarin Oriental and also a tunnel link towards Lot D1. Lot D1 will be a future development by the owner, KLCC Properties. The Building Services Engineer was Flack + Kurtz who is currently part of the WSP | Parsons Brinkerhoff Company.
The cross section of the tower features two geometric shapes, a square and a rectangle. The rectangle shape in the building starts at the ground floor up to the 40th floor. The triangle shape extends to the top of the tower. At the top of the tower, a crown completes the design. It is expected the crown will hold the tower's company logo.
Main article: Maxis Tower
Menara Maxis is the headquarters of Maxis Communications, one of Malaysia's largest telecommunication companies.
Main article: Suria KLCC
Suria KLCC is currently the only and main commercial centre in the KLCC area. The shopping mall occupies space underneath the Petronas Twin Towers and shares its parking lot with it. The six-story shopping mall has been extended to Menara Carigali since 2011. There are plans to extend the mall to Lot K and also Lot D1 as well.
The mall is accessible by KLCC LRT station. It also serve as one of the bus hubs for Bandar Buses of RapidKL. The mall also has a tunnel link to Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre which in turn connects to Bukit Bintang shopping district.
The Building Services Engineer was Flack + Kurtz who is currently part of the WSP | Parsons Brinkerhoff Company.